Coltautos.com Gun of the Month - June 2010
A Colt Model M .380 pistol issued to Major General Alfred H.
Johnson - On May 31, 1950, Brigadier General Johnson was presented his
Colt 1908 .380 caliber sidearm, serial number M137709. Shipped to
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH.
SI Neg. 2000-3735. Date: na...Official USAF caption: Presentation of Collier Trophy for 1937 to U.S. Army Air Corps. President F. D. Roosevelt seated at desk, Gen. H. H. Arnold, accepting. Left to right, front row: Brig. Gen. Henry H. Arnold, Major Carl F. Grune, Dr. John E. Younger, Lt. Col. Oliver P. Echols. Extreme right - back row: Capt. Alfred H. Johnson. [Photo taken 16 September 1938.]..Credit: Unknown. (Smithsonian Institution)
Winners of the Collier Trophy. Washington, D.C.,
Sept. 16. The Collier Trophy, considered aviation's highest honor,
was won today by two army aviators, they were credited with flying
the first pressure cabin airplane anywhere in the world. Maj. Carl
F. Green, left and Capt. Alfred H. Johnson, both of Wright Field,
The Lockheed XC-35 was a twin-engine, experimental pressurized airplane. It was the first American aircraft to feature cabin pressurization. The distinction of the world's first pressurized aircraft goes to the Junkers Ju 49. The XC-35 was a development of the Lockheed Model 10 Electra that was designed per a 1935 request by the United States Army Air Corps for an aircraft with a pressurized cabin.
"M" marked example with M prefix on serial number. Also present is the ordnance inspector's mark located to the right of the thumb safety.
U.S. PROPERTY mark on right side of frame above trigger area.
This gun is accompanied by the original full blued "M" marked magazine.
Alfred Henry Johnson was born at Donnybrook, N.D., in 1904. After attending the University of North Dakota, a year later he entered the U.S. Military Academy, graduated and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Air Service, June 12, 1926.
There is a record of an accident involving Johnson on October 11, 1927:
Army Air Corps (Act of 2 July 1926), worked on the development of and was the test pilot for the first supercharged cabin plane in 1936 and received the Distinguished Flying Cross. This project was so significant that it received the Collier Trophy for 1937.
During the following 13 years General Johnson held various assignments at
Air Force bases throughout the United States. In May 1939 he was assigned to
Air Materiel Command headquarters at Wright Field, Ohio as an engineering
officer. In April 1942 was appointed
General Johnson went to the Philippine Islands in June 1945 as deputy commander of the Fifth Air Service Area Command, and three months later was named chief of the Air Base Service Division of that command. He assumed command of the Fifth Air Service Area Command in May 1946, and of the Okinawa Air Materiel Area the following July. He was appointed assistant chief of staff for materiel of the A4 Far East Air Forces at Tokyo, Japan in January 1947.
In July 1948, General Johnson was assigned to Air Materiel Command
headquarters at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, and in August 1948
became assistant deputy to the commanding general for Operations of Air
Materiel Command. In September of 1949 he achieved the rank of
Brigadier General and was appointed chief of the
Industrial Planning Division of Air Materiel Command, becoming chief of the
Production Resources Division there in February 1951.